Plasma Technology for Health

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Surgical treatment in patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis is often limited by the extent of small bowel involvement. We investigated the results of the application of cold-plasma coagulation on the surface of the small bowel. Methods. After permission by the federal government of Schleswig-Holstein, 8 female pigs underwent a laparoscopy and cold-plasma coagulation on the small bowel with different energy levels. Cold plasma is generated by high-frequency energy that is directed through helium gas. After 12 to 18 days a laparotomy was done and the abdomen was inspected for peritonitis, fistula, or other pathology. Results. Perioperative morbidity was low with transient diarrhea in 1 pig and loss of appetite for 1 day in another pig. We saw 1 interenteric fistula that was clinically not apparent after accidently prolonged application of cold-plasma coagulation (6 seconds instead of 2 seconds) with the highest energy level of 100 W. We did not observe any mortality. The depth of necrosis after application of different energy levels was dependent on the generator energy. We observed statistically significant differences between the different energy levels (20 W vs 10 W [P = .014], 75 W vs 50 W [P = .011]). The comparison of the necrosis depths after the application of 100 W and 75 W almost reached statistical significance (P = .059). We observed distinct interenteric adhesions as a result of the coagulation. Discussion. The application of cold-plasma coagulation on the surface of vital bowel in pigs is safe. We would recommend against the use of the highest energy level of 100 W before more clinical data are available.